What Causes Age Spots to Form?

Age spots, also known as liver spots or sun spots, are flat, brown, or tan discolorations that commonly appear on the skin as we age. While they are generally harmless, they often cause feelings of insecurity and self-consciousness for many people. Understanding the causes behind age spot formation is crucial in preventing and managing their appearance.

Prolonged Sun Exposure

One of the primary causes of age spot formation is prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.

UV rays can damage the skin’s melanocytes, the cells responsible for producing melanin, the pigment that gives our skin its color. When melanocytes become damaged, they can overproduce melanin, forming age spots, particularly in areas frequently exposed to the sun, such as the face, hands, and arms.

The Natural Aging Process

As we age, our skin naturally undergoes changes that can contribute to the development of age spots. Over time, the distribution of melanin in the skin becomes uneven, leading to areas of increased pigmentation. Additionally, the skin’s ability to repair and regenerate itself slows down, making it more susceptible to pigmentation irregularities and age spot formation.

Hormonal Fluctuations

Hormonal changes, particularly those associated with pregnancy, menopause, or certain medical conditions, can also play a role in the formation of age spots. Fluctuations in hormones like estrogen and progesterone can trigger an increase in melanin production, leading to hyperpigmentation and the development of age spots.


Genetics can influence an individual’s susceptibility to age spot formation. Certain individuals are more likely to develop age spots because of their genetic makeup, which determines skin tone, melanin production, and the body’s ability to repair and regenerate skin cells effectively.

Cover Your Spots in Plantation, Florida

The professionals at Plantation Dermatology offer expert care to help remove prominent age spots with treatments such as microdermabrasion, chemical peels, and laser skin resurfacing. Understanding the causes, such as prolonged sun exposure, natural aging, hormonal fluctuations, and genetics, can aid in addressing this common skin concern.

To schedule an appointment with our skilled team, call us at 954-577-5161. Your journey to healthier, more even-toned skin starts here.

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